Arborvitae are easy to grow, but they are often trimmed incorrectly. Make sure to remove overgrowth in the spring and fine tune in the summer. Prune heavily before plants break dormancy, and never remove more than one-third of the plant’s foliage. Avoid cutting into old wood and constantly step back to observe your work.
This beautiful species of oak is known for its dark reddish gray brown, which has deep ridges.
Its leaves are are initially pinkish-red in the spring, but turn to lustrous dark green in summer and then to russet-red to bright red in autumn. It is a fast grower and makes a great addition to home landscapes.
A truly majestic and useful tree, the beech is known for its steel-gray bark that contrasts against its reddish-brown wood. These slow-growing trees can live 400 years and grow upwards of 120 feet tall. Their dense canopies make them a great shade tree, and paper thin leaves allows dappled sunlight to filter through them.
Found in many temperate regions around the globe, and in almost all 50 states in the US, the mulberry tree is a fast-growing deciduous tree. The three most common species are the white, common, and silkworm mulberry. These prized shade trees bear dark purple to black fruits and their wood is used to smoke meats.
Recognized for its open crown of graceful, ground-sweeping branches, the weeping willow is surrounded by symbolism and mystery. Trees are short lived but put on an impressive 48-inches of growth every year and have a hearty root system. Thin, flat leaves appear early in the year and grow to be as long as a dollar bill, turning yellow in the fall.
Hickory trees are a majestic, easy to care for shade tree. With shock-resistant wood and one of the most calorie-dense nuts, these trees have ridged, flakey gray bark and leaves with serrated edges. Trees grow 60 to 80-feet tall with a 40-foot spread. Of the 18 different species, 12 are native to the United States.
With over 120 species, pine trees are known for their scale-like bark, resinous sap, cones, and needles ranging from deep green to a light bluish-green. Branches grow out from the tree trunk in a tight spiral and keep their color year-round. Species are grouped into two subgenus, based upon characteristics such as needle numbers and cones.
Dogwood trees are known for their beauty, with the flowering dogwood thought to be the prettiest flowering tree in America. The popular varieties of this deciduous tree are grown in USDA zones 2 to 9, with each type displaying unique, magnificent blooms. They thrive in acidic soils and have high water requirements.
One of the longest living types of trees, oaks can survive upwards of a millennium. With over 600 different species, all varieties have enormous trunks, branches, showy bark, and acorns with cup-like caps. Since they mature into large trees with extremely wide canopies they are best suited for homes with large yards.
A jacaranda tree adds amazing color to your yard, putting on a striking show of purple to signify the arrival of spring. This hardy tree does best in subtropical and tropical climates making it best suited for USDA zones 9 through 11. Mature trees grow quickly, reaching 40 feet tall and 60 feet wide.
Also known as a Chinese banyan tree, the Indian laurel fig is an evergreen species that retain their glossy green foliage year round. The bark is smooth and light gray, and the wood considered softer and weak because of the tree’s fast growth rate. A unique root system makes this tree one to remember. Aerial roots form from the branches, hanging down to the ground and rooting, doubling or tripling the width of the tree’s trunk.
Popular as a backdrop to pools and other water features, the pygmy date palm reaches its full height of 8 to 12 feet in 5 to 10 years. Native to subtropical areas, they grow best in zones 10 and 11, unable to tolerate frost on cold nights. In colder climates they can be grown in containers and overwintered indoors as a houseplant.
The Chinese elm grows as both a deciduous and evergreen tree, depending upon the climate where it’s grown. In warm areas it lives as an evergreen, maintaining its glossy dark green leaves year round. In colder climates, the leaves on the long arching branches turn bright shades of purple, yellow, and red, falling to the ground as temperatures drop. Trees can live from 50 to 150 years when properly cared for.
One of the most popular ornamental palms used in landscaping, the Queen Palm tolerate a variety of climates in hardiness zones 9 to 11. Specimens grow about 6 feet per year, topping out around 50 feet tall and spanning 25 feet wide. Fronds grow out of the top of the trunk to form the distinguishable “crown”.