Today, we will run through the most common types of grass.
- What to Consider When Looking at Types of Grass
- Cool-Season Grasses
- Warm-Season Grasses
Finding the perfect grass type for your lawn is essential. To raise a lovely lawn, you need to know the right type of grass to grow in your environment. Choosing the right grass might seem challenging, but it becomes easy once you know about the most popular options out there and their respective characteristics.
There are so many species of lawn grasses and different varieties, but the most common species can be shortlisted for easy selection. Grasses are classified into two types: cool-season grasses and warm-season grasses. Warm-season grasses survive easily in the southern environments while the cold season grasses thrive more in the northern climates. The survival of these grasses depends on how they can tolerate winters’ harsh conditions and hot summers.
What to Consider When Looking at Types of Grass
Northern or Southern Part of the United States
The first thing to consider when choosing a type of grass for your lawn is your current location. If you live in the southern part of the country, then warm-season grasses will thrive in your location. These types of grass thrive well in warmer climates and can deal with the stress of hotter temperatures.
The best types of grass for the southern regions include Zoysia grass, Bermuda grass, St. Augustine grass, and Bahia grass.
On the other hand, if you live in the Northern part of the USA, cool-season grasses will do better. These types of grass can handle the colder climate.
Included in cool-season grasses are Kentucky blue grass, fine fescue, tall fescue, and perennial ryegrass.
Characteristics of Different Grass Types
Different types of grass have different characteristics. Some grasses, for instance, can stand heavy foot traffic better than others. Other types may have shade tolerance or may be low maintenance.
Kentucky bluegrass is one of the best cool-season options. Their seeds germinate quickly and grow into broad blades. Kentucky bluegrass is ideal with its softness for children. The deep green color of the Kentucky bluegrass makes for one of the most attractive lawns. Kentucky bluegrass is also soft, which makes it great for families with children. The excellent root penetration and strength of the Kentucky bluegrass makes it suitable for both seed and sod.
Fescue grass is another grass type that is frequently classified as a cool-season grass, but there are many sub-types of fescue grass, and some of these varieties can thrive in either warmer or cooler climates. The fine fescue, for example, is a grass that is more durable than Kentucky bluegrass. Unlike the bluegrass that struggles under the shade, fine fescue is shade tolerant. It grows relatively fast and will give a lawn a subtle green color. It is also soft, which is great for families with kids and a barefoot barbecue evening.
This cool-season grass creates a lawn that is soft and can resist heavy foot traffic. Perennial ryegrass is one of the most tolerant of all cool-season grasses and is relatively low maintenance.
Centipede grass is a warm-season grass that grows horizontally and it is suitable for all contour of the landscaping. Centipede grass offers an appropriate backdrop for lawns and backyard playing spaces. The bright green blades of the grass will give your lawn an attractive look.
Bermuda grass requires extra care but can make a lawn look amazing. Bermuda grass is another one of the warm season grasses that is delicate, soft, and pointed. If you want a lawn that looks luxurious, you should consider this grass. That being said, you will need to be consistent with the fertilizing, watering, and mowing of the grass.
Zoysia grass has amazing warm weather resistance, and it can survive under limited water conditions. The blades of this grass are pointed and feel stiff. Zoysia grass grows very slowly and is a great low maintenance warm-season grass.
St. Augustine Grass
The blue-green blades of St. Augustine grass will make your lawn look aesthetically pleasing. The turf of St. Augustine grass is firm and carpet-like. It is popular for its resistance to heat and its drought-tolerance.
Bahia grass is valued for its temperature and drought tolerance. The texture of the turf is coarse and durable. This grass can survive where other lawn grass seeds will struggle to grow. Additionally, the turf does not require frequent maintenance.
Another warm season grass is Buffalo grass. It forms a uniform, attractive lawn that is soft and dense. The great thing about this warm-season grass is that it can also thrive in drought and high-temperature conditions. Buffalo grass forms a thick turf that can survive under the shade.
Pampas grass is a beautiful ornamental grass with large clumps of grassy foliage and feathery plumes. They are hardy in USDA zones 7-11. It is tolerant of drought and wind, and can also survive in partial shade (although is best grown in full sun).
Overall, the best type of grass for your yard is determined by many factors. These factors include how attractive you want the lawn to be, how much foot traffic you will have, and your home’s weather condition. We hope that by knowing about these different types of grass, the decision will become much more straightforward for you.