Vegetables and Fruits

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Growing vegetables and fruits in your home garden is fun and rewarding!

There is a sense of satisfaction that comes with eating a plant that you personally planted with your own two hands that cannot easily be described. It makes eating healthy, leafy greens and sweet, refreshing fruits very exciting.

After you’ve watered and fertilized your plants and watched them grow, you can simply pick cut off part of a leaf, pick a fruit, or trim off an herb and pop it right in your mouth. In the case of fruits, you’re actually eating the seed-bearing portion of the plant that is actually formed from the flowering ovary!

Below you will find all our articles to help you raise healthy plants in your garden that you will be able to harvest.

Also make sure to check out our other guides on gardening here on the Green Pinky.

How to Plant Potatoes Potatoes are a great addition to your home garden if you're willing to put in a little extra work. Using seed pieces, you can grow a variety of types in hilled rows or raised beds. They are one of the first vegetables to plant in the spring, and yield a great harvest come fall.
How to Grow Your Own Parsley Whether you choose to grow flat or curly-leaf, parsley is a low-maintenance herb that thrives in gardens. It is slow to germinate, but plants can be harvested often for foliage after they develop three sets of leaves. It's aromatic nature also helps to repel pests from neighboring plants.
Peppers: How to Grow and Harvest Green, yellow, red...sweet or knock your socks off spicy -- the numerous pepper choices makes them a great garden plant. Start seeds indoors in early spring, moving them outside when the weather cooperates. They have little trouble with insect pests and make great companion plants.
How to Grow and Harvest Cilantro Cilantro is an easy plant to grow in the garden. It grows quickly, is tolerant of light frost, and does well in the ground or containers. Once mature, it produces high-quality fresh foliage for about 8 to 10 weeks. It does best when planted in the spring or fall, avoiding the heat of summer.
How to Care for and Grow a Lemon Tree One of the most cold-hardy citrus varieties, lemons grow well in many climates. In warmer areas the attractive trees can be grown in the ground. In areas with colder winter, they grow well in containers that can be brought indoors during harsh weather. Dwarf variety trees grow up to 10 feet tall; standard trees can reach 25 feet in height. Trees begin producing fruit when they are two to three years old.
How to Grow and Care for Rosemary Known for its aroma and flavor, rosemary is an iconic herb. A member of the mint family, plants need dry, slightly acidic soil, moderate temperatures, and full sun. Opt for purchasing starter plants for quicker time to harvest, removing sprigs 2 to 4 inches long for cooking.
How to Plant and Grow Lettuce An easy plant to grow, you can choose to plant leaf lettuce, romaine, iceberg, or butterhead right in your own garden. Plant seeds in the spring or fall when temperatures are cool. For a continuous crop of fresh produce, plant more seeds every two weeks while conditions allow.
How Often to Water Basil : Getting It Just Right Watering basil plants correctly is key to successful growth. Keep the soil moist, but not waterlogged. Once the soil is dry to the touch water thoroughly and deeply, helping to form strong, healthy root systems and robust plants. Overwatered plants wilt, drop leaves, and show darkened stems. Underwatered plants look dull and have dry, brittle leaves.
Troubleshooting Black Tomato Leaves Black spots typically occur on tomato leaves due to diseases -- blight, canker, and leaf spot mainly. Try to use good gardening practices to prevent the problems from happening. When diseases show up remove the diseases tissue and treat plants with a fungicide to prevent spread.
White Spots on Basil Leaves: What It Is and How to Treat It White spots on the leaves of your basil plant indicate a problem that needs attention. Random, irregular spots that don't grow in size are generally insect damage. Uniform spots that enlarge are from fungal diseases such as powdery mildew. Treat fungal diseases with recommended fungicides and eliminate insects with mechanical or chemical treatments.
Tomato Growth Stages Tomatoes are annual plants that complete their entire life cycle in one growing season. All types -- cherry, roma, heirloom, beefsteak -- follow the same stages. Seeds germinate, leaves and roots form, the plants flower, and if pollinated, fruits develop and mature.
Growing Chives: How to Plant and Harvest Chives Chives are a commonly grown garden herb with their cylindrically hollow leaves and mild oniony flavor. Grown as a perennial plant from seed or root division, the bright green clumps come back year after year. They are also known to increase the yields and pest resistance of neighboring plants.
How to Grow Tomatoes: Care Guide Tomatoes are the most common garden plant, for good reason. With many options to choose from you can grow your own Beefsteak, Roma, cherry tomatoes, or heirloom varieties. With a long growing season, either start seeds indoors in early spring or purchase starter plants for your garden. Plants love lots of sun, consistent water, and regular doses of fertilizer.
Onion Growing Stages Onions are a biennial plant, taking two years to complete their life cycle. They grow vegetatively the first year to develop the tops and produce bulbs. If plants are left in the ground over the winter they produce seeds the second growing season, and then perish.
How to Grow Onions (Complete Care Guide) Three different types of onions are grown in home gardens from seed or small bulbs known as onion sets. Long day varieties such as Walla Wall and Sweet Spanish grow best in colder areas and need 14 to 16 hours of sunlight. Short day varieties like Sweet Red and Texas Sweet White grow in warmer, Southern climates and need 10 to 12 hours of sun. Day neutral grow in most climates and need 12 to 14 hours of sunlight.
Broccoli Growing Stages: How Long Does it Take To Grow A Broccoli Broccoli takes 85 to 100 days to go from seed to harvestable plant, depending upon the variety. After germination, the young plants focus on vegetative growth and root establishment. Vegetative growth then slows and the main head develops atop the stalk. After harvesting the main head, side shoots develop into smaller, harvestable heads.
How to Grow Basil – Comprehensive Guide Basil is a fantastic herb to grow in your garden. A member of the mint family, this annual plant is easy to grow and helps improve the flavor of neighboring tomatoes. Some of the most commonly grown types are sweet, spicy globe, Thai, lemon, cinnamon, Genovese, and purple.
Growing Broccoli from Seed to Harvest A member of the mustard family, broccoli is an annual plant that prefers cooler temps. Plant in the early spring for a summer harvest; plant in the summer for a fall harvest. It takes 70 to 100 days to mature once seeds germinate.
Herb Gardens: Why You Need One and How to Start One Herb gardens are a great introduction to gardening, and a convenient way to have a supply of fresh herbs on hand. Some of the best plants to start with are basil, thyme, rosemary, chives, mint, dill, oregano, and cilantro. They are all relatively easy to grow as long as they receive plenty of sunlight and are harvested regularly.
Carrot Growth Stages Carrots are typically grown in home gardens are an annual plant, but they are technically biennials, needing two years to complete their life cycle. The first year they produce green leafy tops and the brightly colored fleshy roots we harvest. If plants are left in the ground over the winter they produce seeds the second growing season, and then perish.
How to Grow Carrots from Seed to Harvest Carrots are a beloved garden plant because of their small footprint and easy growing nature. They tuck well in between other crops as long as they can get full sun, and have well-drained, loose soil. Avoid over-fertilizing them to encourage root growth over vegetative growth.
Carrot Sprouts and How to Identify Them Identifying carrot sprouts, and telling them apart from weeds, is difficult. Carrot seeds take 14 to 21 days to germinate, with immature leaves pushing through the soil surface shortly thereafter. These baby plants look like fine, green blades of grass growing out of one spot in the soil.
How and When to Transplant Tomatoes Due to their long growing season, tomatoes are usually planted indoors and then juvenile plants are transplanted to the garden. When the transplants have a strong sturdy stem, and the chance of spring frost has passed they can be moved to the garden. Acclimate plants to outdoor temperatures for about a week and then transplant them in the garden into holes twice the size of their root ball.
Everything You Need to Know About Mint Flowers One of the easiest ways to figure out what type of mint is growing in your garden is to look at the flowers. Spearmint flowers grow in spikes of pink or white. Peppermint has purple flowers about one-quarter inch in length that form on thick spikes protruding from the stems. Apple mint forms long spikes that grow up to 4-inches, displaying white or pike flowers.
Cucumbers Types — 15 Popular Cultivars With many different varieties to choose from, cucumbers are grouped into three main types. Slicing cultivars include Straight Eight, Marketmore, Lemon, and Space Master. Pickling cultivars include Parisian Gherkin, Garden Bush Pickle, Picklebush, and Pick a Bushel. Burpless cultivars include Suyo Long, Summer Dance, and Early Spring, to name a few.
5 of the Best Companion Plants for Watermelon Companion plants are important in gardens. To help ward off insect pests, plant onions, garlic, or chives near your watermelon plants. Aromatic flowers like lavender and marigolds also drive away pests. Flowering ornamentals will attract pollinators, dramatically improving pollination rates.
Watermelon Growing Stages (The 5 Stages) Watermelon plants grow in very distinct stages in the garden, each with unique characteristics and needs. Seeds germinate within about a week of planting, and sprouts push through the soil surface. Vegetative growth occurs to develop a main vine with several small vines sprouting from it. Male and female flowers appear on the vines, and then, if fertilized fruits develop. The whole process takes about three months.
10 of the Best Companion Plants for Cucumbers The right companion plants can increase the growth and yield of your cucumber plants, and decrease pest and disease problems. Tomatoes, beans, corn, cabbage, and sunflowers offer shade in the summer. Nasturtium, marigolds, radish repel harmful insects. They also grow well with summer squash and lettuce.
Cucumber Growing Stages Cucumbers go through several stages before they are ready to harvest -- germination, seedling growth, flowering, and then fruiting. Plants grow as vines or a bush, depending upon the variety grown. Most types are ready to harvest 50 to 70 days after germination.
Harvesting Strawberries – 6 Things You Should Know Hitting the peak ripeness is important when harvesting strawberries. The best time to pick them is when berries are completely red and firm to the touch. Berries with white spots will lack flavor and sweetness. Dark berries are overripe and go badly quickly. To harvest, grab the flowering stalk behind the fruit and pull.
4 Different Ways to Grow Garlic Garlic plants can be planted in four different ways. They can be grown in the soil in your garden, in a greenhouse, or in a container. They can also be grown in a glass or jar of water and then moved to soil. Each method has its own unique advantages.
How to Harvest and Store Garlic Since garlic grows underground, it's tricky to know when to harvest. The small tendrils, or scapes, should be harvested once they loop over themselves once. When the bottom three or four leaves of the plant turn brown and die, it's time to harvest bulbs. Once dried, they store for up to a year.
Garlic Growth Stages Garlic is planted in late summer or early fall, and then harvested about 9 months later. After the cloves germinate they develop several long green leaves, and then small curled tendrils known as scapes. After the scapes form the bulbs begin to develop and grow, until they are large enough to harvest.
How to Plant Strawberries Strawberries are typically planted as rootstock or bare roots, rather than seeds, as soon as the threat of spring frost is passed. Young plants are tender and susceptible to cold weather. Choose either June bearing varieties which fruit heavily in June, or everbearing that produce fruit in small batch throughout the entire summer.
Garlic Varieties — 10 Popular Types Garlic is classified as either hardneck or softneck types. Hardnecks are less common and have a woody stem that grows from the middle of the bulb. The common softneck types don't have the woody stem, and can be stored longer because of this. Each type grows best in different conditions, making it important to choose the right one for your circumstances.
How to Grow Watermelon Watermelon grows best in sunny garden spots with well-draining sandy soil. They need plenty of nutrients throughout the growing season to feed the long vines, and like soil that is consistently moist. Plants need to be checked frequently for pests and disease problems.
How to Grow and Care for Cucumbers It's easy to grow any of the three types of cucumbers -- slicing, pickling, and burpless -- in your home garden. If you're limited on space opt to grow bush types or install a trellis to grow plants vertically. They can even be grown in containers. You can expect to harvest 50 to 70 days after planting.
How to Grow Garlic Garlic takes longer to mature than many other garden veggies, but it's easy to grow both softneck and hardneck varieties from either seed or bulbs. Plant in the fall to harvest bulbs the next growing season. With full sun, nitro-rich fertilizer, and careful watering you'll have a steady supply of home-grown garlic.
How to Grow Basil Indoors Year Round Basil is a fantastic garden plant, but in areas with harsh winters it can't be grown outside year-round. You can grow basil indoors though in containers with potting soil or hydroponically. Artificial lights will help yields, and you can continuously close new plants via cuttings.

About the author: Carley Miller is a horticultural expert at TheGreenPinky. She previously owned a landscaping business for 25 years and worked at a local garden center for 10 years.

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